References within the text:
- Bibliographic references should be credited in the text, not in footnotes, according to the author-date system: author’s first surname (both surnames should appear in the reference list; if two or more authors cited in the same work share the same surname, they should be cited in the text with the surname followed by a comma and the initials of their first names), year of publication and page numbers, separated by commas and all within parentheses (Hualde, 1995, 13-15). If the author’s name forms part of the text, then the year and the page numbers should appear afterwards in parentheses. When citing various texts within the same citation, these should be separated by semicolons.
- When citing more than one publication by the same author published in the same year, consecutive lower-case letters should be added to the year, with no space: (2016a, 2016b).
- For citations with more than three authors, consult the rules on the website. All the authors should be listed in the reference list at the end of the article.
- All the references expressly cited in the text must be listed at the end of the text and all the references listed must be expressly cited within the text. All references which do not meet these two conditions should be removed.
- The references should be ordered alphabetically by the surnames of the author or, where appropriate, those of the first author, followed by the initials of his/her first names. References to the same author should be ordered chronologically. When citing more than one publication by the same author published in the same year, consecutive lower-case letters should be added to the year.
- The references should comply with the following rules:
- Only the first letter of the authors’ surnames should capitalised. The surnames should be followed by a comma and then the initial or initials of the authors’ first name/s in capitals, each followed by a full stop. When there is more than one author, the different authors should be separated by commas, except the last one, which should be preceded by an “&”. This should be followed by the year in parentheses and a full stop after the closing parenthesis.
- Books should be listed as follows: title in italics, full stop (.), place of publication, colon (:), and publisher.
- Author, A. A. (year). Title. Place: Publisher.
- Chapters within books should be listed as follows:
- Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. (year). Title of the chapter. In A. Editor, B. Editor & C. Editor (eds.), Title of the book (pp. xxx-xxx). Place: Publisher.
- Book chapter in a multivolume anthology:
- Author, A. A. (year). Title of the chapter. In Editor, B. B. (ed. of the anthology), Title of the anthology: vol. x. Title of the volume (pp. xxx-xxx). doi: xxxxxxxx.
- When a chapter is not attributed to an author, the title takes the position of the author:
- Title. (year). In A. Editor (ed.), Title of the book (xx ed., vol. xx, pp. xxx-xxx). Place: Publisher.
- Articles from journals should be listed as follows: title non-italicised without quotation marks, full stop (.), name of the journal in italics, followed by a comma and the issue in italicised Arabic numerals, comma (,) and all the pages of the article or just those cited.
- Author, A. A., Author, B. B. & Autor, C. C. (year). Title of the article. Title of the publication, xx, pp-pp.
- References to electronic publications should be as for print publications, stating the URL as follows:
- Author, A. A. (year). Title of the article. Title of the publication, xx, pp-pp. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxxx
- Do not include the date of retrieval unless the source material is likely to change over time.
- If a DOI has been assigned to the publication, this replaces the URL.
- Author, A. A. (year). Title of the article. Title of the publication, xx, pp-pp. doi: xx.xxxxxxxxxx
- DOIs (digital object identifiers) are only used for publications to which one has been assigned.
The publisher reserves the right to adapt the originals to the scientific and typographical rules for journals, and to ask the authors to rework the articles in order to comply with the instructions of the reviewers or to edit the texts, footnotes and/or illustrations.% | % | % | % | % | % | % | %